Diagnostic Sciences

Procedures Offered

  • Exams, imaging and special testing for maxillofacial diseases
  • Oral cancer prevention and detection
  • Diagnosis and management of complex medical conditions that affect oral health
  • Inflammation and ulceration management
  • Cancer awareness promotion
(Don't recognize a term? Review Dental Terminology.)

Fees and Costs

Treatment fees vary depending on which provider administers your care.

CBCT Referrals 

Our diagnostic sciences team accepts referrals. Patients and providers can find the CBCT referral form online.

Oral Cancer Prevalence

Oral cancer is one of the top 10 cancers affecting men and women worldwide. Squamous cell carcinoma is a skin cancer that can also occur inside a person’s mouth. It accounts for more than 90 percent of oral malignancies. Each year, pathologists diagnose 27,000 new cases of oral cancer. Annually, 5,500 people die from oral cancer.

Oral Cancer Risk Factors

Smokeless tobacco, radiation, betel quid (an Asian plant paired with flavor inducers chewed as a mild stimulant) and a compromised immune system can all lead to oral cancer. The two main risk factors are smoking and high alcohol consumption. Studies have also shown some people diagnosed with subtypes of HPV have a higher risk for oral cancer.

Oral Cancer Symptoms

A majority of the instances of oral cancer first appear as a non-healing ulcer or hardened mass on the back of the tongue. The tongue represents 50 percent of carcinoma. As a rule of thumb, any non-healing ulcer that has been present for at least two weeks should be biopsied to rule out oral cancer.

Pathologists also encounter other types of cancers including exophytic (fungating), leukoplakic (white patch), erythroplakic (red patch), or a combined erythroleukoplakic lesion (red and white).

High risk sites for oral cancer include the lateral ventral border of the tongue, floor of the mouth, soft palate and lower. However, any site can be involved.

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